Bhadra Fort was built by Ahmad Shah I in 1411 on the east bank of the Sabarmati river. The fort consisted of a city wall with 14 towers, 8 gates covering 43 acres of area. The fort complex was used as a royal court during Shah's rule. Later structures that came up were- a sarai built by the Mughal governor Azam Shah in 1637, Bhadra Kali temple by the Marathas and a clock tower by the British in 1878.